Home > Blossary: Famous and Most Dangerous Volcanos
The list gives names and detailed information about some of the most active Volcanos around the world

Category: Geography

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Created by: farooq92

Number of Blossarys: 47

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Some 3,500 years ago, an event of cataclysmic proportions rocked the Mediterranean. The volcano at Thera (later known as the Greek island of Santorini) exploded with what is estimated at four to five times the eruptive force of Krakatoa in 1883, blowing a hole into the Aegean isle and sending out shock waves that, according to historians, would reverberate for centuries to come. The great seafaring Minoan civilization, the dominant Greek culture of the time, potentially withered away after clouds of ash enveloped its cities and great tsunami waves smashed its fleets. Stories of a world-shaking eruption linger in legends across the Mediterranean. For years, adventure-seeking archaeologists have even pored through Thera's geological record in search of the fabled lost city of Atlantis. Ancient Egyptian stela from roughly the same era chronicle a volcanic storm that "caused darkness in the Western region" and "annihilated" towns and temples alike. And some biblical scholars have even suggested Thera's destructive effects underlie the Old Testament's tales of God-sent plagues and devastation.

Domain: Natural environment; Category: Volcano

Ca. 3.500 år siden, vuggede en begivenhed af katastrofale proportioner Middelhavet. Vulkanen på Thera (senere kendt som den græske ø Santorini) eksploderede med hvad er anslået til fire til fem gange den udbruds kraft af Krakatoa i 1883, blæste et hul i den Ægæiske ø og sender chokbølger, der ifølge historikere, ville give genlyd i århundreder til at komme. Den store søfart minoanske civilisation, den dominerende græske kultur af tiden, potentielt visnet hen efter skyer af aske kappeklædte dets byer og store tsunami bølger smadrede sin flåder. Historier om en verdensomvæltende udbrud dvæle i forklaringer på tværs af Middelhavet. For år, eventyrlystne arkæologer har selv gransket gennem Thera ' s geologiske record på jagt efter den sagnomspundne forsvundne by Atlantis. Gamle egyptiske stela fra nogenlunde samme æra krønike en vulkansk storm, der "forårsaget mørket i den vestlige region" og "udslettet" byer og templer ens. Og nogle bibelske lærde har endda antydet Tera ' s destruktive virkninger ligge til grund for det gamle testamente ' s fortællinger om Gud sendte plager og ødelæggelser.

Domain: Natural environment; Category: Volcano

The eruption was small — in volcanic terms, that is — producing only about 3% of the ash ejected by Mount St. Helens in 1980. Instead, it was the mudflows that made Colombia's 1985 Nevado del Ruiz explosion the second deadliest in the 20th century and the fourth deadliest in recorded history. The volcano has been blowing its top since the Pleistocene era and has erupted three times in modern history, including in 1595 and 1845. But on Nov. 13, 1985, a relatively small explosion unleashed floods that swept away 1,500 people on one side of the mountain. On the other side was the town of Armero, the site of the worst destruction. 25-m.p.h. lahars (volcanic mudflows) obliterated the town and blanketed it in gray muck. When the landslides subsided, 23,000 people had died and damage was estimated at $1 billion — one-fifth of Colombia's GNP at the time.

Domain: Natural environment; Category: Volcano

Udbruddet var små — i vulkanske vilkår, der er — producerer kun omkring 3% aske skubbes ud af Mount St. Helens i 1980. I stedet, det var de mudderskred, der gjorde Colombia ' s 1985 Nevado del Ruiz eksplosion den anden mest dødelige i 1900-tallet og den fjerde dødeligste i indspillet historie. Vulkanen har blæse sin top siden den pleistocæne epoke og er brudt ud tre gange i moderne historie, herunder i 1595 og 1845. Men på 13. november 1985, en forholdsvis lille eksplosion unleashed oversvømmelser, der skyllede væk 1.500 mennesker på den ene side af bjerget. På anden siden var byen Armero, stedet for den værste ødelæggelse. 25-m.p.h. lahars (vulkansk mudderskred) udslettet byen og blanketed det i grå muck. Når jordskred aftaget, 23.000 mennesker døde og skader blev anslået på 1 milliarder dollar-en femtedel af Colombia ' s GNP dengang.

Domain: Natural environment; Category: Volcano

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